Alyawarra Residence Plans

Gurlanda Camp
MacDonald Downs Station
Northern Territory, Australia
5-8 August 1971, Project Days 066-069
 

The residence plans included here are representative of the wide range of sizes and designs found in the camps at MacDonald Downs and Derry Downs Stations in the early 1970s. All of them were mapped during the period 5-8 August 1971. The Residence Identification numbers used here are the same as those used throughout the Archive. For details, see the Data Documentation File.

An Adobe Acrobat PDF version of this document is available here (454KB).
 

Contents


Examples

The following are photographs of representative residential structures:

SL224 shows Location 24, an alugera or single womenís residence, at Gurlanda Camp in cool dry weather. The alugera which occupies the entire foreground has two major sections. In the center and to the left is the cooking and daytime living area with shades and a couple of smaller windbreaks. To the right in the middle distance is the much larger windbreak that protects the sleeping area. Other structures include three anoardegans in the left distance and the ngundya under the more distant tree to the right of center.

SL231a shows Location 21, a wet weather alugera which is considerably more complex than the one in SL224. At the right foreground is an extended shelter with tarp roof and spinifex walls. Just beyond it to the right is a long windbreak with poles that could support additional tarps if needed, and evidence of burned-out warming fires near the windbreak. At the extreme left are a cooking pit and a pan sometimes used for cooking damper (bread). The cluster of structures near the tree includes a shade from which containers hang. In addition it contains four shelters for hunting dogs. All are well protected with spinifex walls and roofs, and two are covered with tarps. The open space in the middle of the alugera is the main activity area for the large number of women and children who use the alugera every day.
 
 

SL246 shows Location 33, an anoardegan or single-family residence, in hot weather when rain was expected. The shade on the left has a great deal of spinifex grass incorporated into the thick roof, while the shelter on the right uses a tarpaulin as its roof. The photograph shows several important items of Western manufacture including a shovel, water cans, clothing, blankets and cups.
 
 

Pr101 shows Location 11, the Gurlanda ngundya or single menís residence, in cold weather. Main features include a long windbreak that provides protection for a large number of young and old men on cold nights, a line of sleeping depressions separated by burned out fires, poles to hold a tarp if rain surprises the occupants, remains of a kangaroo cooking fire and a great deal of open space.
 
 

SL245a shows Location 11, the Gurlanda ngundya, during a wet period.
 

Key


 
 

Location 11 Ngundya
Location: Gurlanda Camp 
Mapped: 5 August 1971, Day 066
Note: Approximate area 4550 sq. ft.




Location 21 Alugera #1
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 5 August 1971, Day 066
Note: Approximate area 4700 sq. ft.




Location 22 Alugera #2
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 7 August 1971, Day 068
Note: Approximate area 4500 sq. ft.





Location 23 Alugera #3
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 7 August 1971, Day 068
Note: Approximate area 2200 sq. ft.




Location 24 Alugera #4
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 8 August 1971, Day 069
Note: Approximate area 3800 sq. ft.




Location 31 Jim Austin's Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 7 August 1971 - Day 068
Note: Approximate area 1100 sq. ft.




Location 32 Johnny Hunter's Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 7 August 1971, Day 068
Note: Approximate area 3950 sq. ft.




Location 33 Billy Moss' Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 5 August 1971, Day 066
Note: Approximate area 3050 sq. ft.




Location 34 Alec Lee's Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 6 August 1971, Day 067
Note: Approximate area 3800 sq. ft.




Location 35 William Lion's Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 8 August 1971, Day 069
Note: Approximate area 1200 sq. ft.




Location 36 Billy Morton's Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 7 August 1971, Day 069
Note: Approximate area 1500 sq. ft.




Location 37 Willy Nothing's Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 8 August 1971, Day 069
Note: Approximate area 1300 sq. ft.




Location 38 Wallaby Moss' Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 7 August 1971, Day 068
Note: Approximate area 1500 sq. ft.




Location 39 Marnie Lewis' Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 8 August 1971, Day 069
Note: Approximate area 2000 sq. ft.




Location 40 Billy Timms' Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 7 August 1971, Day 068
Note: Approximate area 1750 sq. ft.




Location 43 Jacob Jones' Anoardegan
Location: Gurlanda Camp
Mapped: 7 August 1971, Day 068
Note: Approximate area 3550 sq. ft.


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