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Alyawarra Ethnographic Archive, Version 2

Woodrow W. Denham
Retired Independent Scholar

Introduction.  This site contains all of my field data and all of the results of my field research in 1971-72 with 264 Alyawarra-speaking Aboriginal people living at MacDonald Downs and Derry Downs Stations approximately 160 miles northeast of Alice Spring, Northern Territory, Australia. Essentially it was an enhanced observational study of a small population of human hunter-gatherers that closely paralleled contemporaneous field studies of nonhuman primates.

Acknowledgements.  Thanks for funding provided by a US National Defense Education Act Title IV Fellowship, US National Science Foundation grants and fellowships, a US National Institutes of Mental Health Postdoctoral Traineeship at UC Berkeley, a series of grants from the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies and a grant from the Canada Council. Thanks to Jessica Cornn of Alice Lloyd College for designing this web site, including all of the material contained in the DATA section below.

© 2013 by Woodrow W. Denham.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.


PLEASE READ THIS IMPORTANT INFORMATION.

It is a condition of use of this web site that users ensure that any disclosure of the information contained in this site is consistent with the views and sensitivities of relevant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. This includes:

Deceased Persons.  This website contains photographs and audio recordings of deceased Aboriginal people. Users of the website should be aware that, in some Aboriginal communities, seeing images of deceased people in photographs, films and books or hearing them in recordings etc may cause sadness or distress and in some cases, offend against strongly held cultural prohibitions.

Restricted Material.  This database omits sensitive materials that are not available to unauthorized users. To request access to restricted material archived at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Societies, Canberra, ACT, Australia, please contact the Principal of the Institute.


DATA.  This section contains the data files generated during the fieldwork, plus journals, letters, code keys, explanations for using the datasets, etc. These files constitute the core of the Archive.


RESULTS.  This section contains all published and unpublished documents derived directly and indirectly from the Alyawarra fieldwork.

All items listed below are by Woodrow W. Denham unless otherwise indicated.

When a link is broken, use a search engine to find the item online. When a link is not included (mainly for books), use WorldCat to locate the item in a library near you.

2016 AU01 Alyawarra 1971 dataset (377 people) at KinSources Genealogical Archive.
2016 AU10 Alyawarra 1818-1979 dataset (1361 people) at KinSources Genealogical Archive.
2015 Mathematical Anthropology and Cultural Theory (MACT): Special Issue on Alloparenting. October 2015, Vol 8, No.1-6. http://mathematicalanthropology.org/toc.html and http://escholarship.org/uc/search?entity=hcs_MACT
2015 Review of Red Professor: The Cold War Life of Fred Rose. Mathematical Anthropology and Cultural Theory, Book review, October 2015: 1-12.
http://mathematicalanthropology.org/Pdf/MACTDenhamReview1015.pdf
2014 Residential group compositions among the Alyawarra. Mathematical Anthropology and Cultural Theory. May 2014:6(1):1-132.
http://mathematicalanthropology.org/Pdf/Denham%20MACT%200514.pdf
http://escholarship.org/uc/item/67g000jk
2013 Asymmetrical marriages in Aboriginal Australia: an annotated bibliography. Unpublished MS.
WD2013_AsymmetricMarBiblio
2013 Mathematical Anthropology and Cultural Theory (MACT): Special Issue on Australian Systems. May 2013, Vol. 5, No. 1-9. http://mathematicalanthropology.org/toc.html and http://escholarship.org/uc/search?entity=hcs_MACT
2013 AI research using Alyawarra kinship data: a partial bibliography. Unpublished MS.
WD2013_AI-bibliography
2012 Kinship, marriage and age in Aboriginal Australia. Mathematical Anthropology and Cultural Theory. May 2012:4(1):1-79.
http://escholarship.org/uc/item/6xm8s89k#page-1
http://mathematicalanthropology.org/Pdf/MACT_Denham_0512.pdf
2011 Familial generations tutorial. Mathematical Anthropology and Cultural Theory. Sep 2011:1-42.
http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/5m51s6k6.pdf
http://mathematicalanthropology.org/Pdf/Denham-MACT-LN-2011.pdf
2011 Using the Alyawarra Interactive Map.
User manual and interactive map of 500+ cultural features among Alyawarra and adjacent societies. Based on Google Earth software with data from the Alyawarra Ethnographic Archive and other sources.
Unpublished user manual contains link to Interactive Map.
WD2011_AIM-Manual
2010 Letter concerning "On the structure of Dravidian relationship systems" by Mauro William Barbosa de Almeida in Aug 2010, MACT 3(1):1-43.
Mathematical Anthropology and Cultural Theory: Letters to MACT, Oct 2010, pp. 1-6.
http://escholarship.org/uc/item/7cr531r5.pdf
http://mathematicalanthropology.org/Pdf/MACTDenhamLetter.1010.pdf
2007 Alyawarra Ethnographic Archive (this archive) (compiled 1971-1976; published online 2007).
Online interactive database includes user manual and approximately 440,000 data items from the Alyawarra including text files, numerically coded data files, photographs, maps, music.
See: Introduction to the Alyawarra Ethnographic Data Base at http://ccr.sagepub.com/content/14/2/133.abstract
2007 Group Compositions in Band Societies (GCBS) Database (compiled 1977-1980; published online 2007; to KinSources 2010). Numerically coded vital statistics, genealogical, demographic and census datasets for 42 historical hunter-gatherer societies from 1776 to 1979 at http://www.culturalsciences.info/GCBS/index.htm

To list and use all 42 GCBS datasets that I have contributed to KinSources, do the following:
Open your browser and go to KinSources.
Select: Browse the list of database coders.
Select: Woodrow W. Denham. This lists all of the datasets I have contributed. Select and use any of the 42 datasets. Examples include:
  • Alyawarra 1971 AU01 (compiled 1972; published online 2007; to KinSources 2010) Numerically coded vital statistics, genealogical, demographic and census dataset (n=377 cases) for the Alyawarra of Central Australia in 1971.
  • Alyawarra 1971 AU01 Kinship Dataset (compiled 1971-1972; used frequently in Artificial Intelligence (AI) research since 2004; published online 2007; to KinSources 2010). The kinship dataset is a subset of the main AU01 dataset and is embedded in the AU01 dataset. The main objectives in using it have been to develop and test higher order pattern detection algorithms, but the research may yield new ways to analyze relations between kin and skin. Select Alyawarra 1971 AU01 and use all attachments (5/5) to that dataset. See also Alyawarra 1971 Kinship Dataset in MatLab format by Charles Kemp at http://charleskemp.com/code/irm.html. See examples of AI research using the Alyawarra kinship dataset at WD2012_AI-biblio
  • Alyawarra 1818-1979 AU10 (compiled 2005; published online 2007; to KinSources 2010) Numerically coded vital statistics, genealogical, demographic and census datasets (n=1361 cases) for the Alyawarra of Central Australia spanning the period 1818-1979.
2007 The Indigenous Australian Marriage Paradox: Small-World Dynamics on a Continental Scale
By Douglas R. White and Woodrow W. Denham
Society for Anthropological Sciences Annual Meeting, San Antonio, February 2007:1-34. Unpublished text and PPT
Text: http://eclectic.ss.uci.edu/~drwhite/pub/Paradox07b.pdf
PPT: http://eclectic.ss.uci.edu/~drwhite/ppt/TheIndigenousAustralianMarriageParadox2j.pdf
2006 Seeking behavioral complexity in an Australian Aboriginal kinship system.
European Conference on Complex Systems, Oxford University, September 2006:1-54.
Unpublished .PPT WD2006_SeekingBehavioralComplexity
2005 Multiple measures of Alyawarra kinship.
By Woodrow W. Denham and Douglas R. White
Field Methods 17(1):70-101
http://fmx.sagepub.com/content/17/1/70.abstract
2002 Alyawarra music at Gurlanda Camp.
Unpublished MS pp. 1-11. WD2002_MusicAtGurlandaCamp
Unpublished audio recordings
2002 Double helix exchanges with D. R. White.
By Woodrow W. Denham and Douglas R. White
Unpublished MS pp. 1-28.WD2002-HelixExchanges_DRW
2002 Sided with Omaha but no twist: three logics of Alyawarra kinship.
By Woodrow W. Denham and Douglas R. White
Society for Anthropological Sciences Annual Meeting, New Orleans, November 2002: 1-34.
Unpublished MS WD2002_SidedWithOmahaNoTwist
2002 Review of Daughters of the Dream by D. Bell. Unpub MS, pp.1-2.
WD2002_Bell-DaughtersOfDream
2002 Review of Alyawarra Music: Songs and Society in a Central Australian Community by R. Moyle. Unpub MS, pp. 1-5.
WD2002_Moyle-AlyawarraMusic
2002 Review of Arguments about Aborigines by L. R. Hiatt. Unpub MS, pp. 1-5.
WD2002_Hiatt-Arguments
2001 Rose Chalmers' Letters from MacDonald Downs, NT, 1973-75. Written by Rose Chalmers, edited by Woodrow W. Denham. Also contains letters and photographs concerning the death of Mac Chalmers in 2004.
WD2001_ChalmersLetters.
2001 Dreaming, Singing, Teaching. This is a detailed account of a series of initiations, focusing on Alyawarra traditions, sacred sites, painting, sculpture, music and dance. Some if this material is sensitive, so access to the entire volume has been restricted by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Societies (AIATSIS). To request access to the monograph, contact the AIATSIS Library, Canberra, ACT, Australia. Contents: 1. Introduction, 2. Dreaming, 3. Singing, 4. Teaching. Unpublished MS, pp. 1-168.
1989 Reviews of West Indian Green Monkeys: Problems in Historical Biogeography.
WD1989_ReviewsOfWestIndianGreenMonkeys
1987 West Indian Green Monkeys: Problems in Historical Biogeography. Contributions to Primatology Vol. 24. Basel: Karger.
WD1987_WestIndianGreenMonkeys
1982 Two millennia of Natura non Facit Saltum is enough.
Unpublished MS pp.1-24. WD1982_NaturaNonFacit
1982 More on the double-helix kinship model.
By Woodrow W. Denham and John R. Atkins
American Ethnologist 9(1): 191-192 http://www.jstor.org/stable/644320
1982 Review of Australian Aboriginal Social Organization by D. Turner.
American Ethnologist 9(1): 220-221 http://www.jstor.org/stable/644348
1980 The authors reply to Scheffler.
By Woodrow W. Denham, Chad McDaniel and John R. Atkins
American Ethnologist 7(1):192-194 http://www.jstor.org/stable/643438
1979 Aranda and Alyawarra kinship: a quantitative argument for a double helix model.
By Woodrow W. Denham, Chad McDaniel and John R. Atkins
American Ethnologist 6(1):1-24 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/amet.1979.6.issue-1/issuetoc
1979 Introduction to the Alyawarra Ethnographic Data Base.
Cross Cultural Research, 14:133-153. http://ccr.sagepub.com/content/14/2/133.abstract
1979 Research design and research proposal checklists.
Anthropology Newsletter. 20(4):9-11. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/an.1979.20.4.9.2/abstract
1978 Review of Tribes and Boundaries in Australia by N. Peterson.
American Anthropologist 80(4):975-976. http://www.jstor.org/stable/675555
1978 Alyawarra Ethnographic Database: a guide to contents, structure and operation.
HRAFlex Books OI5-001, pp.1-138. New Haven, CT: Human Relations Area Files. Original lost by HRAF. WD1978_AEDB-Manual
1977 Double helix exchanges with J. R. Atkins.
By Woodrow W. Denham and John R. Atkins
Unpublished MS pp. 1-13 WD1977_HelixExchanges-JRA
1977 Alyawarra ethnographic project: a status report.
Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Newsletter, 7:43-45.
Not available online. WD1977_AIAS-Report
1975 BEVRECS: A general-purpose system for making and analyzing behavior stream protocols.
Social Science Information. Aug, 14(3):161-182. http://ssi.sagepub.com/content/14/3/161.extract
1975 Population properties of physical groups among the Alyawarra tribe of Central Australia.
Archaeology & Physical Anthropology in Oceania 10(2):114-151 http://www.jstor.org/stable/40386246
1975 Correspondence. W. W. Denham and L. R. Hiatt concerning the "... Infant Transport ..." article.
Oceania 45(3):240-242 http://www.jstor.org/stable/40330190
1974 Infant transport or infant carrying among the Alyawarra tribe of Central Australia.
Oceania. 44(4):253-277 http://www.jstor.org/stable/40330147
1974 Population structure, infant transport and infanticide among Pleistocene and modern hunter-gatherers.
Journal of Anthropological Research 30(3):191-198 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3629843
1973 The Detection of Patterns in Alyawarra Nonverbal Behavior.
Unpublished PhD Dissertation, pp.1-229 original format / pp.1-125 compressed format.
Seattle: University of Washington. WD1973_Dissertation
1971 Energy relations and some basic properties of primate social organization.
American Anthropologist 73(1):77-95 http://www.jstor.org/stable/671813
1970 Nonhuman primate behavior: a note on recent research.
American Anthropologist 72(2):365-67 http://www.jstor.org/stable/671582


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